The inflammation it is a natural response of the body to injury or infection. In the context of the plastic surgery, inflammation can occur after a surgical procedure due to manipulation of body tissues and structures. The inflammation can cause swelling, pain and redness in the treated area. Swelling is a normal part of the healing process after surgery, but it can be uncomfortable for the patient. To minimize swelling after surgery, treatments such as icing or administration of doctor-prescribed anti-inflammatory medications may be recommended. Plastic Surgeon. It is important that patients follow postoperative care recommendations to minimize swelling and aid in healing. recovery after surgery. The swelling should gradually subside during the recovery period, and it is important to let the plastic surgeon know if the swelling does not improve or worsens over time.