The swelling It is an increase in volume in an area of the body due to the accumulation of fluid. In the context of the plastic surgery, swelling can occur after a surgical procedure due to manipulation of body tissues and structures. Swelling is common after plastic surgery and can cause discomfort for the patient. To minimize swelling after surgery, treatments such as icing, elevation of the treated area, and administration of medications prescribed by the doctor may be recommended. Plastic Surgeon. It is important to follow post-operative care recommendations to minimize swelling and aid in healing. recovery after surgery. The swelling should gradually decrease during the recovery period and it is important to inform the plastic surgeon if the swelling does not improve or worsens over time.